Depression is not only hard to endure, it is also a risk factor for heart condition and insanity. “Depressive symptoms will occur in adults for many reasons. If you are experiencing mood or cognitive changes that last for over a couple of weeks, it’s a decent plan to bring this up with your doctor or consult a psychiatrist to help sort out possible causes.
Here are the main forms of depression recognised by professionals.
The classic depression type, major depression is a state where a dark mood is all-consuming and one loses interest in activities, even ones that are usually enjoyable. Symptoms of this sort of depression include trouble sleeping, changes in craving or weight, loss of energy, and feeling good-for-nothing. Thoughts of death or suicide could occur. it’s usually treated with psychotherapy and medication. for some individuals with severe depression that isn’t alleviated with psychotherapy or antidepressant medications, electroconvulsive therapy may be effective.
2.Persistent Depressive Disorder.
Formerly referred to as “dysthymia,” this kind of depression refers to low mood that has lasted for a minimum of 2 years but won’t reach the intensity of major depression. many people with this kind of depression type are able to perform day to day, but feel low or uncheerful much of the time. Some depressive symptoms, like desire and sleep changes, low energy, low self-esteem, or hopelessness, are usually a part of the picture.
People with bipolar disorder—once referred to as manic-depressive disease—have episodes of depression. but they also endure periods of unusually high energy or activity. Manic symptoms appear to be the opposite of depression symptoms: unrealistically high self-esteem, grandiose ideas, thoughts and activity at higher speed, decreased need for sleep and ramped-up pursuit of pleasure including sex sprees, overspending, and risk taking. Being manic can feel nice, but it does not last long, can result in suicidal behavior, and is usually followed by a period of depression. Medications for bipolar disorder are completely different from those given for other depression types, but can be very effective at stabilizing a human mood.
4.Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD).
SAD is a mood disorder that has a seasonal pattern. The reason for the disorder is unclear; however it’s thought to be related to the variation in light exposure in different seasons.
It’s defined by mood disturbances (either periods of depression or mania) that begin and finish in a specific season. Depression which starts in winter and subsides when the season ends is the commonest. it’s usually diagnosed after the person has had an equivalent symptoms throughout winter for a couple of years.
People with Seasonal Affective Disorder are more likely to experience lack of energy, overeat, gain weight, sleep too much, and crave for carbohydrates.